SKULL LABS® Skull Crusher Shot 120 ml

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SKULL LABS® SKULL CRUSHER SHOT is a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement in the form of a convenient shot ampoule. 

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Food supplement SKULL LABS® SKULL CRUSHER SHOT is a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement in the form of a convenient shot ampoule. The liquid form of the product ensures fast action and is a great alternative for those who avoid powder, capsules or tablets. The composition of the supplement is a well-thought-out composition of popular ingredients with pre-training properties, which have been chosen in optimal proportions.

The product has been developed for people who wish to reduce the increasing feeling of psychophysical fatigue and maximise effects during their training. The supplement is recommended for proponents of hard and exhausting strength and endurance training who are looking for uncompromising solutions!

What are the benefits of SKULL LABS SKULL CRUSHER SHOT ingredients?

  • AAKG and citrulline malate act as NO boosters, influencing nitric oxide levels which may help increase blood flow, improve exercise capacity and reduce fatigue[1,2,3,4]
  • Beta-alanine is an important component in the process of carnosine synthesis - an increase in its content may have a positive effect on the regulation of acid-base balance, improvement of training adaptation or increase of neuromuscular efficiency[5,6,7]
  • Betaine supplementation during increased physical effort may prove to be a valuable support in reducing fatigue, improving body composition and some exercise parameters[8,9,10]
  • Caffeine has a stimulating effect on the nervous system, which may result in e.g. improved cognitive functions, shorter reaction times, improved attention and increased endurance during physical activity[11,12,13]
  • Taurine may work well as a form of additional support for the body during periods of increased psychophysical activity[14,15]

Bibliography:

  1. Bailey, Stephen J., et al. "Acute L-arginine supplementation reduces the O2 cost of moderate-intensity exercise and enhances high-intensity exercise tolerance." Journal of Applied Physiology 109.5 (2010): 1394-1403.
  2. Fahs, Christopher A., Kevin S. Heffernan, and B. O. Fernhall. "Hemodynamic and vascular response to resistance exercise with L-arginine."Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 41.4 (2009): 773-779.
  3. Glenn, Jordan M., et al. "Acute citrulline-malate supplementation improves maximal strength and anaerobic power in female, masters athletes tennis players." European journal of sport science 16.8 (2016): 1095-1103.
  4. Pérez-Guisado, Joaquín, and Philip M. Jakeman. "Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 24.5 (2010): 1215-1222.
  5. Blancquaert, Laura, Inge Everaert, and Wim Derave. "Beta-alanine supplementation, muscle carnosine and exercise performance." Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care 18.1 (2015): 63-70.
  6. Trexler, Eric T., et al. "International society of sports nutrition position stand: Beta-Alanine." Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 12.1 (2015): 1-14.
  7. Gross, Micah, et al. "Effects of beta-alanine supplementation and interval training on physiological determinants of severe exercise performance." European journal of applied physiology 114.2 (2014): 221-234.
  8. Cholewa, Jason M., et al. "Effects of betaine on body composition, performance, and homocysteine thiolactone." Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 10.1 (2013): 1-12.
  9. Hoffman, Jay R., et al. "Effect of 15 days of betaine ingestion on concentric and eccentric force outputs during isokinetic exercise." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 25.8 (2011): 2235-2241.
  10. Trepanowski, John F., et al. "The effects of chronic betaine supplementation on exercise performance, skeletal muscle oxygen saturation and associated biochemical parameters in resistance trained men." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 25.12 (2011): 3461-3471.
  11. Kim, Tae-Wook, et al. "Caffeine increases sweating sensitivity via changes in sudomotor activity during physical loading." Journal of medicinal food 14.11 (2011): 1448-1455.
  12. Childs, Emma, and Harriet de Wit. "Subjective, behavioral, and physiological effects of acute caffeine in light, nondependent caffeine users." Psychopharmacology 185.4 (2006): 514.
  13. Wiles, Jonathan D., et al. "The effects of caffeine ingestion on performance time, speed and power during a laboratory-based 1 km cycling time-trial." Journal of sports sciences 24.11 (2006): 1165-1171.
  14. Waldron, Mark, et al. "The effects of an oral taurine dose and supplementation period on endurance exercise performance in humans: a meta-analysis." Sports Medicine 48.5 (2018): 1247-1253.
  15. da Silva, Luciano A., et al. "Effects of taurine supplementation following eccentric exercise in young adults." Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 39.1 (2014): 101-104.

Components

SKULL LABS® Skull Crusher Shot. Suplement diety / Food supplement 1 Porcja / Serving size: 1/4 ampułki / ampoule: 30 ml Ilość porcji w opakowaniu / Servings per container : 4
Zawartość w / Amount per: 30 ml 60 ml
Jabłczan cytruliny / Citrulline malate 1500 mg 3000 mg
     w tym cytrulina / of which citrulline 1000 mg 2000 mg
Alfaketoglutaran L-argininy (AAKG) / L-Arginine alphaketoglutarate (AAKG)   500 mg   1000 mg
      w tym L- arginina / of which L- arginine 350 mg 700 mg
Beta-alanina / Beta-alanine 800 mg 1600 mg
Tauryna / Taurine 500 mg 1000 mg
Betaina HCl / Betaine HCl 187,5 mg 375 mg
     w tym betaina / of which betaine 142,5 mg 285 mg
Glicerol / Glycerol 375 mg 750 mg
Kofeina bezwodna / Caffeine anhydrous 100 mg 200 mg
Glukuronolakton / Glucuronolactone 62,5 mg 125 mg
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    SKULL LABS® Skull Crusher Shot 120 ml

    SKULL LABS® Skull Crusher Shot 120 ml

    SKULL LABS® SKULL CRUSHER SHOT is a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement in the form of a convenient shot ampoule. 


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